A good traveler has no fixed plans and is not intent on arriving. – Lǎozǐ
ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs, to reconcile and integrate diverse urban planning and management concerns. These axioms include environmental sustainability, heritage conservation, appropriate technology, infrastructure efficiency, placemaking, “Social Access,” transit oriented development, regional integration, human scale, and institutional integrity.
The Ten Axioms of Principles of Intelligent Urbanism are:
- Principle one: a balance with nature
According to proponents of Intelligent Urbanism, balance with nature emphasizes the distinction between utilizing resources and exploiting them. It focuses on the thresholds beyond whichdeforestation, soil erosion, aquifer depletion, siltation and flooding reinforce one another in urban development, saving or destroying life support systems.
- Principle two: a balance with tradition
Balance with Tradition is intended to integrate plan interventions with existing cultural assets, respecting traditional practices and precedents of style (Spreiregen: 1965).
- Principle three: appropriate technology
Appropriate technology emphasizes the employment of building materials, construction techniques, infrastructural systems and project management which are consistent with local contexts.
- Principle four: conviviality
The fourth principle sponsors social interaction through public domains, in a hierarchy of places, devised for personal solace, companionship, romance, domesticity, “neighborliness,” community and civic life (Jacobs:1993).
A place for the individual
A place for friendship
A place for householders
A place for the neighborhood
A place for communities
A place for the city domain
- Principle five: efficiency
The principle of efficiency promotes a balance between the consumption of resources such as energy, time and fiscal resources, with planned achievements in comfort, safety, security, access, tenure, productivity and hygiene.
- Principle six: human scale
Intelligent Urbanism encourages ground level, pedestrian oriented urban patterns, based on anthropometric dimensions. Walkable, mixed use urban villages are encouraged over single-function blocks, linked by motor ways, and surrounded by parking lots.
- Principle seven: opportunity matrix
The PIU envisions the city as a vehicle for personal, social, and [economic development], through access to a range of organizations, services, facilities and information providing a variety of opportunities for enhanced employment, economic engagement, education, and recreation.
- Principle eight: regional integration
Intelligent Urbanism envisions the city as an organic part of a larger environmental, socio-economic and cultural-geographic system, essential for its sustainability. This zone of influence is the region.
- Principle nine: balanced movement
Intelligent Urbanism advocates integrated transport systems comprising walkways, cycle paths, bus lanes, light rail corridors, under-ground metros and automobile channels.
- Principle ten: institutional integrity
Intelligent Urbanism holds that good practices inherent in considered principles can only be realized through accountable, transparent, competent and participatory local governance, founded on appropriate data bases, due entitlements, civic responsibilities and duties.